Last updated on: 1/21/2010 | Author:

Consuelo Callahan, JD Biography

Judge of the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Con to the question "Do Violent Video Games Contribute to Youth Violence?"

“In sum, the evidence presented by the State does not support the Legislature’s purported interest in preventing psychological or neurological harm. Nearly all of the research is based on correlation, not evidence of causation, and most of the studies suffer from significant, admitted flaws in methodology as they relate to the State’s claimed interest. None of the research establishes or suggests a causal link between minors playing violent video games and actual psychological or neurological harm, and inferences to that effect would not be reasonable. In fact, some of the studies caution against inferring causation.”

Majority opinion in Video Software Dealers Association v. Schwarzenegger, Feb. 20, 2009

Involvement and Affiliations:
  • Judge, US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, 2003-present
  • Associate Justice, Third District Court of Appeal, California, 1996-2003
  • Member, Executive Board of California Judges Association, 1995-1996
  • Judge, San Joaquin County Superior Court, California, 1992-1996
  • Court Commissioner, Municipal Court, Stockton, California, 1986-1992
  • Board of Governors, San Joaquin County Bar Association, 1983-1985
  • Supervisory District Attorney, San Joaquin County, California, 1982-1986
  • Treasurer and Board of Governors, Women Lawyers of San Joaquin County, 1980-1986
  • Deputy District Attorney, San Joaquin County, California, 1976-1982
  • Deputy City Attorney, Stockton, California, 1975-1976
  • Education:
  • LLM, University of Virginia, 2004
  • JD, McGeorge School of Law, University of the Pacific, 1975
  • AB, Stanford University, 1972
  • Other:
  • Recipient, Athena Award, Greater Stockton Chamber of Commerce, 2009
  • Recipient, Judge of the Year, Sacramento County, Bar Association, 2006
  • Inductee, San Joaquin County Mexican-American Hall of Fame, 1999
  • Recipient, Peacemaker of the Year Award, San Joaquin County Mediation Center, 1997
  • First judge from the Eastern District of California to sit on the Court of Appeals since Anthony M. Kennedy went to the Supreme Court on Feb. 3, 1988
  • Recipient, Susan B. Anthony award for legal services from the Women’s Bar Association, 1987